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Implants

What are dental implants?

Dental implants are substitutes for the roots of missing teeth. They act as an anchor for a replacement tooth or crown or a set of replacement teeth.

Dental implants are so natural-looking and feeling, you may forget you ever lost a tooth.You know that your confidence about your teeth affects how you feel about yourself, both personally and professionally. Perhaps you hide your smile because of spaces from missing teeth. Maybe your dentures don’t feel secure. Perhaps you have difficulty chewing. If you are missing one or more teeth and would like to smile, speak and eat again with comfort and confidence, there is good news! Dental implants are teeth that can look and feel just like your own! Under proper conditions, and diligent patient maintenance, implants can last a lifetime. Long-term studies continue to show improving success rates for implants.

Following the work and publications of the Swede P.I. Brånemark in the 1970-80s, dental implantology has become a discipline wholly separate from dentistry. It aims to replace one or several missing teeth by inserting one or more artificial roots in the bone on which the prosthesis is fixed. This operation, apart from esthetic replacement of one or several missing teeth and
offering a more comfortable solution and alternative to moveable appliances, may also be used in orthodontics as an anchorage point. The implant then acts as an anchorage point to replace one or several teeth. In some people who have no teeth, a moveable prosthesis can also be stabilised by surgically inserting two implants.

What dental implants can do

  • Replace one or more teeth without affecting bordering teeth
  • Support a bridge and eliminate the need for a removable partial denture
  • Provide support for a denture, making it more secure and comfortable

Am I a candidate for implants?

Implant patients are of all ages and implants may be the right choice for anyone missing one or more teeth due to injury, disease or decay. They are especially practical for patients who can no longer wear removable dentures. Your dentist can determine if you are a candidate for dental implants after a careful evaluation of your dental and medical history.The main condition is to have the bone in good condition. Some contraindications should be noted: patients with heart disease, renal failure, smoking, hypertension, and uncontrolled diabetes.

Are there different kinds of implants?

There are many shapes, sizes and brands of implants available. Your implant dentist will know which implant is the right one for you.

Do I have enough bone?

It is important for a patient to have enough bone to support the implant. If you do not have enough bone, there are many safe and effective ways to correct bone deficiency. Following tooth extraction the extraction site undergoes bone resorption. 30%-50% of bone can be resorped within the first 6 months of extraction depending on patients age. It is important that implants are placed during this period before further loss of bone. Failure to do this will require extra surgical procedures to increase volume of bone available for implant placement.

Will this take a long time?

Treatment time can vary greatly depending on your needs. Each situation needs a separate evaluation; your dentist will be able to give you an approximate timetable.

Whom should I consult for my implant treatment?

Your general dentist is your first resource for this service. The key is the implant dentist’s training, experience and credentials.

Dental implants for tooth replacement

Your teeth were designed to last a lifetime, but sometimes they don’t! Replacing missing teeth is important to your general health and to the health of your other teeth. Not only do you lose chewing ability when a tooth is lost, but unreplaced teeth can cause other teeth to be lost, tipped or crowded and create subsequent problems. Also, there are the obvious problems of poor appearance and loss of self-esteem caused by one or more missing teeth.

Dental implants should always be considered as an option to replace a failing or missing tooth. Replacement of lost teeth with dental implants has been used for treating missing teeth for more than 50 years and is recognised as an effective treatment choice. Treatment is considered more predictable than bridgework, resin bonded bridges and endodontic treatment.

What is involved in placing implants

To summarize, the operation is carried out in three stages :

  • The practitioner makes an incision in the gingiva and prepares the bone cavity bone to insert the implant (artificial titanium root). He closes up the gingiva to allow bone healing to occur
  • This waiting phrase is called the” nursing period” and aims to enable bone healing around the implant to occur. This healing is called osseointegration
  • After this waiting period, the practitioner inserts a titanium abutment to which the temporary prosthesis or temporary crown will be attached to
  • Finally, a metal-ceramic prosthesis or crown is attached to the implants by dental cement or screws fixed into the abutments previously put in place

Advantages of Dental Implants Over Dentures or a Bridge

Every way you look at it, dental implants are a better solution to the problem of missing teeth.

  1. Esthetic Dental implants look and feel like your own teeth! Since dental implants integrate into the structure of your bone, they prevent the bone loss and gum recession that often accompany bridgework and dentures.

No one will ever know that you have a replacement tooth.

  1. Tooth-saving Dental implants don’t sacrifice the quality of your adjacent teeth like a bridge does because neighbouring teeth are not altered to support the implant. More of your own teeth are left untouched, a significant long-term benefit to your oral health!
  2. Confidence Dental implants will allow you to once again speak and eat with comfort and confidence! They are secure and offer freedom from the irksome clicks and wobbles of dentures. They’ll allow you to say goodbye to worries about misplaced dentures and messy pastes and glues.
  3. Reliable The success rate of dental implants is highly predictable.

They are considered an excellent option for tooth replacement.

What Is Treatment Like?

This procedure is a team effort between you and your dentist. Your dentist will consult with you to determine where and how your implant should be placed. Depending on your specific condition and the type of implant chosen, your dentist will create a treatment plan tailored to meet your needs.

  1. Replacing a Single Tooth If you are missing a single tooth, one implant and a crown can replace it. A dental implant replaces both the lost natural tooth and its root.
  2. Replacing Several Teeth If you are missing several teeth, implant-supported bridges can replace them. Dental implants will replace both your lost natural teeth and some of the roots.
  3. Replacing All of Your Teeth If you are missing all of your teeth, an implant-supported full bridge or full denture can replace them. Dental implants will replace both your lost natural teeth and some of the roots.
  4. Sinus Augmentation A key to implant success is the quantity and quality of the bone where the implant is to be placed. The upper back jaw has traditionally been one of the most difficult areas to successfully place dental implants due to insufficient bone quantity and quality and the close proximity to the sinus. Sinus augmentation can help correct this problem by raising the sinus floor and developing bone for the placement of dental implants.
  5. Ridge Modification Deformities in the upper or lower jaw can leave you with inadequate bone in which to place dental implants. To correct the problem, the gum is lifted away from the ridge to expose the bony defect. The defect is then filled with bone or bone substitute to build up the ridge. Ridge modification has been shown to greatly improve appearance and increase your chances for successful implants that can last for years to come.

What Can I Expect After Treatment?

As you know, your own teeth require conscientious at-home oral care and regular dental visits. Dental implants are like your own teeth and will require the same care. In order to keep your implant clean and plaque-free, brushing and flossing still apply!

After treatment, your implantologist will work closely with you and your dentist to develop the best care plan for you. Periodic follow-up visits will be scheduled to monitor your implant, teeth and gums to make sure they are healthy.

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